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Dog breeds: Dogo Argentino

Dog breeds: Dogo Argentino


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Origin, classification and history

Origin: Argentina.
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.

The selection of the Argentine Dogo begins in the late nineteenth century in the province of Còrdoba, north-west of Buenos Aires. An attempt was made to select a fighting dog that could be somewhere between the "Bulldog" and the "Mastiff". The Dogo was created precisely from the intersection of these last two breeds. Very aggressive and combative specimens were obtained initially and they were called "Còrdoba Catch Dogs". It was at the end of the nineteenth century that Doctor Nores Martìnez, a passionate dog lover, who planned and managed to improve the new breed, introducing a dozen breeds into it. The first Standard was drawn up in 1928. the breed was officially recognized by the International Federation in 1964, when it was already known all over the world. Since 1969 the breed spread more and more. Well bred also in Italy.

General aspect

Sideboard dog size. Powerful both for the bone and for the musculature. Entirely white, bold in expression. Its movements are wide and safe. Among the hounds for large game, the Dogo is the only molossoid. Excellent structure, very solid and powerful. The proportions are excellent and the relationships between head, trunk and limbs are good. It is a typical molossoid, robust and tonic in the musculature.

Character

Excellent guard and defense dog. Rather intelligent and smart. In Argentina it is used for hunting, in which it stands out for its good sense of smell, for its courage, endurance, speed and a very firm grip. It has very solid and robust jaws, since it has been selected for fighting for many years. The breed also knows how to be exceptionally sweet and affectionate. In some moments his character is truly surprising. He is very fond of the master. He loves being outdoors and taking long walks. Excellent walker.

Dogo Argentino - owner Angelucci Claudio (website photo)

Dogo Argentino - owner Angelucci Claudio (website photo)

Standard

Height:
-
males from 62 to 68 cm
- females from 60 to 65 cm.

HEAD: Of medium proportions, the head gives an impression of strength and power, without sharp corners or fine chisels. The upper line is slightly concave-convex: for the relief of the chewing muscles and the nape of the neck, the profile of the cranial region is convex and the muzzle is slightly concave. The strong musculature gives an arched shape to the attachment of the head to the neck.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Massive, convex anterior-posterior and transverse. The arches of the cheekbones are very protruding and form a large temporal fossa which allows a marked development of the temporal muscle. The occipital protuberance vanishes in the face of the great development of the neck muscles. The central furrow is slightly marked.
Stop: Moderately marked, being in the place of transition between the slight concavity of the muzzle and the convexity of the skull. Seen in profile, it is well defined thanks to the prominence of the superciliary arches.

FACIAL REGION: Of the same length as the skull.
Truffle: Black with wide open nostrils. It is slightly leaning forward given the slight concavity of the muzzle. Seen in profile, the front delimitation of the nose is straight and perpendicular to the front edge of the jaw; however, it can be positioned ahead of the latter.
Muzzle: Powerful, a little longer than tall, well developed in width. The side faces are slightly convergent. The muzzle is slightly concave, an almost exclusive feature of the Argentine Dogo.
Lips: Moderately thick, short and well applied. The edges of the lips are preferably black pigmented.
Jaws / Teeth: Strong and well-stretched jaws, without upper or lower prognathism. The mandibular branches converge slightly and regularly. The strength of the jaw grip is maximum. The teeth are large, well developed, aligned in a regular way, firmly implanted and of an immaculate white without caries. A complete set of teeth is sought. The regularity of the dental arches is of fundamental importance. Pincer bite, scissor bite allowed.
Cheeks: Wide, slightly flattened, free from creases, swellings and chisels; covered with thick skin.
Eyes: Dark brown to hazelnut color, protected by the eyelids, the edges of which are preferably black pigmented, without partial depigmentation being considered a penalizable defect. They are well separated. Almond shaped, they are positioned at medium height. All in all, their expression is attentive and alive, but it can often become harsh and relentless, especially in males.
Ears: Attached high on the head, they are well separated from each other due to the width of the skull. Given the function of the dog at its origins, they should be cut and brought straight, triangular in shape and a length that does not exceed 50% of the length of the front edge of the pavilion of the natural ear. If they are not cut, they are of medium length, wide, thick, flat and rounded at the ends. The hair is a little shorter than on the rest of the body. They can have small spots that cannot be penalized. The natural ear is worn drooping and well applied against the back of the cheeks. Alerting may be carried semi-upright.

NECK: Medium length, strong and straight, it has good musculature and has a slightly convex upper line in profile. It has the shape of a truncated cone. At the junction with the head, the musculature forms a fold that hides all the bony protrusions of this region; it joins harmoniously with the thorax forming a large gluing exit. It is covered by an elastic and thick skin that can slide freely on the subcutaneous tissues which are a little more loose than in the rest of the body. The throat has non-hanging and smooth folds; this characteristic is fundamental in view of the functional aptitudes of the dog. The hair of this region is somewhat longer than the rest of the body.

BODY: The length of the body, measured from the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock, is approximately 10% greater than the height at the withers.
Upper line: Horizontal. The withers and the tip of the hip are at the same height; they are the two most important points.
Withers: Large and well-marked.
Back: Wide and vigorous, with an important muscle development that creates a slight inclination towards the lumbar region.
Lumbar region: Solid and disguised by the development of the lumbar musculature which forms a median sulcus along the vertebral column. It is a little shorter than the back and rises slightly towards the rump. Muscle development in all the regions that make up the upper line draws a profile that sometimes appears depressed, but is a false impression, and the complete development of the back and vertebral muscles in adult dogs creates the same effect.
Croup: Of medium length, broad and muscular, the extremities of the hip and tuberosity of the ischium are barely visible. Its width is equal to or slightly below that of the rib cage. It forms an angle of approximately 30 ° horizontally, which determines a slightly inclined top until the tail is attached.
Chest: Wide and well descended; the tip of the sternum is at the same height as the tip of the shoulder (scapulo-humeral joint) and the lower line of the thorax is at the level of the elbows. The chest is spacious to offer ample space for the lungs. The ribs are long moderately curved and join with the sternum at the level of the elbow line.
Belly: A little raised in relation to the lower line of the chest, but never hunched over; vigorous; the muscles of the hips and belly have the same good tone.
Tail: Attached at medium height, it forms a 45 ° angle with the upper line. Saber-shaped, thick and long, it reaches the hocks without exceeding them. At rest it is naturally falling. In action, it is carried a little higher than the top line and continuously beats from left to right. At the trot, it is brought to the same height or a little higher.

ARTS
FOREQUARTERS: On the whole, they have a solid, vigorous and muscular whole, well proportioned to the size of the subject. Seen from the front and in profile, the forelegs are straight and parallel.
Shoulders: High and well proportioned. They are very robust, with good musculature in relief, but without exaggeration. The obliquity of the scapula with respect to the horizontal is 45 °.
Arm: Of medium length and well proportioned to the whole. It is vigorous, has an important musculature and forms an angle of 45 ° with respect to the horizontal.
Elbows: Sturdy, covered with a slightly thicker and more elastic skin that does not form folds or wrinkles. Naturally positioned against the chest wall to which they seem to belong.
Forearm: Of the same arm length and perpendicular to the horizontal; his bones are strong and straight and the musculature is well developed.
Carpus: Wide, located in the extension of the forearm free of bone growths or skin folds.
Metacarpus: Slightly flattened, it has a good bone structure and has an obliquity of 70-75 ° with respect to the horizontal.
Front feet: Rounded, with short, solid and tight toes. The hard and fleshy pads are covered with a black leather and wrinkled to the touch.

HINDQUARTERS: The angles are medium. Taken together, the hindquarters are strong, solid and parallel; they give the impression of the great power that their function requires, since the hind limbs must ensure sufficient impulse and determine the typical bearing of the dog.
Thigh: Well proportioned overall length, vigorous, with visible muscles fully developed. The hip joint forms an angle of 100 °.
Knee: Located on the same axis as the limb. The femoro-tibial angle is about 110 °.
Leg: Slightly shorter than the thigh, robust, it prolongs the good muscular development of the limb.
Articulation of the hock and hock: The tarsal-metatarsal set is short, robust and solid; ensures the propulsion force of the rear train. The hock joint is solid and forms an angle of about 140 °; the tip of the hock is clearly visible. The hock is firm, almost cylindrical and forms an angle of 90 ° with respect to the horizontal. If spurs exist, they must be eliminated.
Hind feet: Similar to the front feet; although they are a little smaller and slightly longer, they have the same shape.

GAIT: Agile and loose. As soon as the interest of the dog is awakened, the gait changes its character considerably; he gets up and the reactions become rapid, which is typical of the breed. The pace is calm; the trot is elongated with a good extension of the forelegs and a powerful push of the hindquarters; galloping, the dog shows all his energy and develops all his power. The footprints of the four feet are parallel. Dogs walking in exchange are not allowed; this pace is considered a serious defect.

SKIN: Homogeneous, a little thick, but smooth and elastic. Well applied to the body, it is quite mobile thanks to the semi-taut structure of the subcutaneous tissues; it does not form noticeable folds, except in the neck region where the subcutaneous tissues are slower. It must be as less pigmented as possible, even if the pigmentation increases over the years. Exaggeratedly pigmented skin is not allowed. Subjects are preferred in which the edges of the labial and eyelid mucous membranes are pigmented in black.

COAT
HAIR: Evenly short, smooth, and pleasant to the touch, with an approximate length of 1.5 to 2 cm. The density and thickness vary according to the climate. In a tropical climate, the hair, thinner and rarer, allows the pigmented regions to shine through, which is not a reason for penalization. In a cold climate, the hair is thicker and thicker; the presence of undercoat is then possible.
COLOR: Of a pure white. Around the eyes a black or dark-colored spot is accepted; this stain must not exceed 10% of the surface of the head. Among the subjects of equal quality, the judge will have to opt for the one whose white is purer.

DEFECTS: Any difference in relation to what precedes must be considered a defect and will be penalized according to its gravity.

  • Insufficient bone and muscle development (weakness).

  • Truffle not sufficiently pigmented.

  • Pendulous lips.

  • Small, poorly developed or decayed teeth. Incomplete dentition.

  • Eyes too light. Entropion or ectropion.

  • Barrel or keeled chest.

  • Flat ribs.

  • Exaggerated angulation of the hind limb.

  • Hock too long.

  • Atypical gait.

  • Exaggerated pigmentation of the skin in young subjects.

  • Presence of small areas of colored fur.

  • Nervousness, nervous imbalance.

ELIMINATING DEFECTS:

  • Depigmented truffle.

  • Upper or lower prognathism.

  • Blue or different colored eyes (heterochromia).

  • Deafness.

  • Long hair.

  • More than a splash of color on the head. Spots of color on the body.

  • Height less than 60 cm and higher than 68 cm.

  • Aggression.

N.B. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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Atlas of dog breeds - by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it


Video: DOGO ARGENTINO THE BIG CAT HUNTER (May 2022).