Forest crops: Willow

Forest crops: Willow

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Classification, origin and diffusion

Division: Spermatophyta
Subdivision: Angiospermae
Class: Dicotyledones
Order: Salicales
Family: Salicaceae

The Salicone is widespread in a vast range that goes from Europe to Japan. In Italy it is present in all regions, except in Sardinia, from sea level to the subalpine belt. It adapts well to different types of soil, as long as it is not asphyxiated and bears a certain summer dryness.

Willow - Salix caprea L. (photo

Willow - Salix caprea L. (photo Willow)

General characteristics

Habit, trunk and bark
Sapling up to 15 meters high, often polyconic and bushy, with slender foliage. The trunk has a gray-opaque rind, more cracked and brownish with age.
The oglie are deciduous, altern, equipped with a petiole, about 8x4 cm, from ovate to elliptical.
Reproductive structures
It is a dioecious plant with male inflorescences in ovoid catkins of about 4 cm, covered with silvery hairs before flowering and with yellow stamens; female inflorescences are similar but larger; it blooms in March-May. The fruit is a small conical-elongated sessile and smooth capsule.


Salicone is used as a pioneering species in environmental renaturation interventions. Like other willows, its bark also contains salicin, used in the pharmaceutical industry.

Video: Complete Guide to Planting a Living Fence (July 2022).


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