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“Phytopathology, agricultural entomology and applied biology” – M.Ferrari, E.Marcon, A.Menta; School edagricole - RCS Libri spa
The order of the Siphonacteres (also called Afanitteri) are small insects (European species measure from 1 to 4 millimeters in length), with a laterally compressed body and jumping rear legs; they are commonly known as fleas.
The adults have pungent-sucking mouthparts and are haematophagous ectoparasites mainly of mammals and birds. Among the species of greatest medical and veterinary interest we mention:
- Pulex irritans L., which attacks man;
- Ctenocephalides felis Bouché, cat parasite;
- Xenopsylla cheopis Rotschild, Rat flea.
Man flea - Pulex irritans L.
Rat flea - Xenopsylla cheopis Rotschild (photo www.monmsci.net)